Many grape varieties grow in Moravian and Czech vineyards. A number of them have been directly bred in our country and they are of the highest quality.
Although the introduction of a new variety to the market is a long-term process, we currently have the opportunity to taste a number of blue varieties originating from Moravia
Wine lovers owe the greatest boom of wine breeding in our country paradoxically to a very unfortunate event that affected our entire wine industry more than a hundred years ago. It was a phylloxera that spread massively and seriously damaged our vineyards. It was the desire to find a variety that would be resistant to pests and at the same time produce quality wine. That was the strongest impetus for the development of our breeding.
Although the introduction of a new variety to the market is a long-term process, we currently have the opportunity to taste a number of blue varieties originating from Moravia - Agni, André, Ariana, Cabernet Moravia, Cerason, Fratava, Kofranka, Laurot, Nativa, Neronet, Rubinet, Sevar.
The inventor of the variety is Lubomír Glos from Moravská Nová Ves, who had a degenerated Cabernet Franc in his vineyard, which gave excellent wines but did not produce well. The reason for breeding experimentation was thus born. In the Cabernet Moravia variety, Cabernet Franc was combined with Zweigeltrebe. The variety can already be found on 198.5 ha of our vineyards, especially in the warm Moravia.
The top Cabernet Moravia wines are dark, with aromas of dark fruit reminiscent of currants or blueberries, spicy wines with more subtle tannins. These are noble wines with a noticeable influence of cabernet, full body and a strong trace of currant notes. Cabernet Moravia growers bring medals from international competitions where the quality of the variety and their work is confirmed by the world's leading sommeliers.
This variety was named in honour of the Saxon-born Christian Karl André, founder of the Brno association for the promotion of fruit and vine breeding, who was fascinated by Moravian winemaking. André was bred by Ing. J. Horák in the Breeding Station in Velké Pavlovice by crossing Frankovka and St. Laurence. The André variety is currently found on about 288 hectares of our vineyards and its presence is steadily growing. This variety requires warm areas to allow for later harvests.
André places higher demands on the consumer
André places higher demands on the consumer - young wines may display distinctive dark fruit aromas to forest fruit, but due to the acids and tannins they can also be quite hard to rough in flavour. André, more than other blue varieties, therefore, needs time to reach optimum varietal maturity and gain in attractiveness. Archiving for more than 10 years is no exception. André is able to create one of the most interesting and highest quality red wines of Moravia.
The variety was bred by Professor Vilém Kraus in Lednice na Moravě by crossing the St. Laurent, Blauer Portugieser and Alibernet varieties. The name Neronet is composed of two words, namely nero - meaning black in Italian - and the ending net, which refers to the parent line of Cabernet (Alibernet, Cabernet Sauvignon). The colour of Neronet is dark red with bluish flashes. The taste is smooth and full-bodied with a more pronounced structure of tannins.
It is a cross between Rhine Riesling and St. Laurent with Zweigeltrebe, which was created in Perná by František Zatloukal and Ing. Ludvík Michlovský. The wine is full-bodied, harmonious, velvety smooth, sufficiently coloured, of very good quality with fine tannins. It gains quality as it matures.
The cross of Merlan, Blaufränkisch and St. Laurent was created by the cooperation of breeders from the Resistant Velké Bílovice association and Lubomir Glos. The representation in the vineyards is still minimal, but Laurot became the best red wine of the Wine Salon of the Czech Republic in 2015. The typical Laurot is very dark garnet in colour with purple reflexes, the aroma is fresh with fruity notes, the taste is full, delicate and attractively harmonious. The aroma and taste are dominated by cherries, but there are also ripe forest fruits and chocolate.
This late variety was created in 1973 by Lubomir Glos by crossing Blaufränkisch and St. Laurent.
This late variety was created in 1973 by Lubomir Glos by crossing Blaufränkisch and St. Laurent. The character and quality of these wines are reminiscent of the St. Laurent varieties, but with much lower acidity. The wine is palate-pleasing, very full-bodied, extractive, with a distinctive dark red colour.
The variety was created by a complex crossing of the Alibernet, Revolta and André varieties by Professor Kraus in Lednice in Moravia. The colour of the wine is opaque deep black-red, the aroma is intense and spicy-cabernet. Taste very full, viscous, tannic. We can smell blackcurrants, elderberries, Cabernet Sauvignon and herbs.
It was created by the Resistant Breeding Team from the Fratava variety by crossing Merlot and Seibel 13666. The wine has dark ruby shades, the aroma is characterised by berries and prunes. The palate is full, extractive, velvety smooth with blueberry notes and higher tannins.
The variety is another cross of the Resistant Breeding Team. It was developed from the Fratava and Merlan varieties. The wines tend to be dark red to ruby in colour, full-bodied, extractive, harmonious, with more pronounced tannins and slightly higher acidity. The wines are delicately aromatic, their character is close to Merlot, possibly also Cabernet Sauvignon, the aroma shows fruitiness with notes of cherries and spiciness, the bouquet also has floral notes.
A variety suitable for the production of organic wines and red and rosé wines in organic viticulture. It was created by a cross between Merlan and Fratava and its investigators are Ing. Miloš Michlovský and prof. Vilém Kraus. Cerason is the wine of excellent quality, dark red and blue and red colour, fruity and herbal aromas and tastes, full, harmonious, slightly aromatic type.
Wines from this grape variety are characterized by a muscat aroma
This variety was bred in cooperation with the breeding stations in Velké Pavlovice and Perná. It was created by a unique combination of the André and Irsai Oliver varieties. Wines from this grape variety are typical for their muscat aroma and at the same time very favourable conditions for the production of dessert wines. They are very interesting and beautiful wines, but harder to find.
This variety was created by Ing. Alois Tománek in Polešovice by crossing the French variety Seyve Villard and St. Laurent as resistant to frost and fungal diseases. The quality wine Sevar is ruby to dark red in colour, has an interesting bouquet and taste. Floral and fruity aromas intertwine and the wine is full of fruits from the edge of the forest - raspberries, blackberries, strawberries, currants and blueberries.